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What’s Growing on My Trees?

Here in Michigan, many things can be found growing on our trees. Most vines are harmless, but if left unchecked, it can become too heavy for your limbs to hold and cause them to break as well as deprive leaves of sunlight.

Common Methods of Stump Removal

There are many ways to remove an unsightly tree stump from your Westland backyard. Learn what they are and which one is the best to remove yours, or contact the professionals at PPM Tree Service and Arbor Care, tree experts working for you.

Fastest Growing Trees in Michigan

Fast-growing trees allow homeowners to realize the benefits of a mature tree sooner. Individuals seem to especially focus on using fast-growing shade trees and fast-growing hedges in their landscape to reap the benefits of these value-added landscape design practices sooner.  

 

Quaking Aspen quaking aspen trees

The quaking aspen is noted for its elegant white bark, deep green leaves that seem to “quake” in the breeze, and its golden-yellow color in the fall. Quaking aspens have the widest natural range of any tree in North America, spanning from Alaska down to Arizona and New Mexico. It is a fast-growing deciduous tree that usually gets 20 to 50 feet tall with narrow, rounded crowns. Quaking aspens grow from a common underground root system that can be far older than the trees on the surface. For example, Pando, a giant colony of quaking aspen in Utah, is estimated to be over 80,000 years old!

 

Northern Catalpa

The northern catalpa is a tree that will start a conversation. Its giant heart-shaped leaves provide excellent shade, and it’s tall twisting limbs soar high above making it a great backyard patio tree. The most interesting thing about this tree is its dangling bean-like pods that contain the seeds. The northern catalpa is an interesting tree you don’t see every day and will make a great addition to your landscape.

 

Red Sunset Maplerow of red maple trees

The red sunset maple can reach heights of 40 to 60 feet and up to 35 feet wide. This tree is often the first to change color in the fall, and it doesn’t disappoint when its leaves turn vibrant shades of orange and red. It produces red clusters of small flowers winter to spring. In the summer, the flowers turn to winged fruit that is enjoyed by birds and squirrels. It’s a stunning color, and fast growth rate makes this tree a great choice for your yard.

 

Weeping Willow

A weeping willow is sure to draw interest to your yard. These gentle giants can reach heights of over 40 feet and be just as wide in less than 15 years. You’ll love being in the shade of weeping willows and looking up into its sprawling umbrella-like canopy that is an attractive hangout for birds and squirrels. Weeping willows are usually found on edges of bodies of water or in wetlands. This is because these massive trees require large amounts of water, so they are perfect for getting rid of that constant wet area of your yard.

 

Silver Maple

The silver maple is one of the most popular types of maples in Michigan. The tree gets its name from how the way the white undersides of its leaves create a shimmering effect in the wind. Silver maples make great shade trees and privacy screens due to their thick full foliage. Once established, silver maples can grow from 50 to 70 feet high and up to 45 feet wide. Plant silver maples in areas where they will receive plenty of sun and ample room to grow.

 

Make PPM Your Trusted Tree Service

If you are looking to improve your landscape with new trees, call the tree care experts at PPM Tree Service and Arbor Care. Our tree care experts can plant your trees and make sure they grow straight and healthy. We have years of experience pruning, cabling, and removing dangerous trees.

Give us a call at (877) 454-8733 or request a quote here. Hear about the latest news and offers from PPM by following us on Twitter and Facebook. Don’t forget to check out the monthly PPM Tree blog for all your tree care tips and tricks.

Tree Cabling: What Is It and Is It Right For You?

Having your home or business property being surrounded and filled with large, century-old trees can be an incredible site to see and add value that you can’t necessarily pay to have. 

But what happens when some of that big, beautiful tree is covering part of your home’s or business’ roof or outdoor space? What happens when the tree is not being preserved correctly and the neighborhood is on its way to losing a natural beauty that has stood for years? When these dangers set in, that’s where tree cabling comes into play. 

 

What Is Tree Cabling? tree cabling

Starting with the basics, tree cabling is essentially using cables to correct the pattern of a tree’s growth so that there will be no need to cut it down later when it’s growing into the roof of a home or hovers over where you park your car. 

Cabling can contribute to stopping a number of issues before they happen. If cabling is done before it is too late to correct a tree’s growth pattern, it could end up being the reason a landmark is saved instead of chopped down. 

Another way cabling helps is to protect—protect the trees themselves and everyone around it. It can work to preserve the limbs that are too weak to hold themselves over a long period of time that would likely eventually pose a threat to those in the surrounding areas. 

 

Is Tree Cabling Right For Me? 

Knowing when the appropriate time to invest in tree cabling depends on a variety of factors, but the first step is to ensure you know all of your needs and options. 

 

How Is Cabling Different from Pruning? man on a roof trimming tree branches

Pruning has its various benefits, it’s always important to recognize that they are different services. When the limbs of your tree are overgrown, it requires pruning. But when the limbs of your tree are the right length, all is well in the pruning world, but you wouldn’t want to let that trick you into thinking your tree’s limbs are stable. That’s where cabling comes in, ensuring that all limbs are in place and stable, preventing any property damage.

 

Call PPM Tree for Professional Cabling!

Are you worried about your tree’s branches falling and creating damage to your home or property? Our ISA certified arborists are ready for anything that comes our way. We offer a wide range of tree services in addition to tree cabling such as planting, trimming, pruning, stump grinding, and tree removal. 

Whether you’re unsure of what you need or are ready for us to take action, you can request a quote here or give us a call at (877) 454-8733. At PPM Tree, we show off our work on our Facebook page and Twitter thread.

The Emerald Ash Borer

Of all the tree destroying insects in Michigan, there is one that is familiar to nearly all gardeners and homeowners; the emerald ash borer. The emerald ash borer was first detected in Canton, Michigan, in 2002, and since then, it has caused the deaths of over 30 million ash trees in southwestern Michigan and has decimated the ash population in The United States. Since it’s detection, the emerald ash borer has spread across twenty-five states and killed more than fifty million trees. To combat the spread of this destructive insect, many states have placed a ban on the transportation of firewood. emerald ash borers on a flower

 

Identifying The Emerald Ash Borer

Emerald ash borer adults are very small, metallic green beetles. Emerald ash borer beetles are very hard to see because they are about the size of a grain of rice. The larvae are even harder to spot because they dig beneath the bark’s surface, where they cause lethal damage to the tree. The only way to tell for sure that the emerald ash borer is present is when the tree begins to exhibit signs, including yellowing of leaves, defoliation, and bark loss. But by this time, it is already too late for the tree.

 

Life Cycle

Adult beetles emerge from ash trees in May through mid-July. The adults are most active during warm and sunny days. They feed on the foliage on the tree, but this causes little harm to the tree itself. After mating, female beetles will lay between 60 and 90 eggs, one at a time, in the cracks and folds of ash tree bark. Typical females can live around three to six weeks and lay 40 to 70 eggs. 

Eggs hatch about two weeks later. After hatching, larvae chew through the bark to the inner sensitive workings of the plant, creating long serpentine galleries that disrupt the tree’s ability to send water and nutrients up to the canopy.

After one or two years of feeding under the bark, larvae will create a room for themselves in the tree’s wood. They overwinter in this chamber and pupate in the spring, turning into adults. The new adult beetles emerge from the tree, and the cycle starts all over again.emerald ash borer damage

 

The Threat to Ash Trees

Because the emerald ash borer is an invasive species not native to our area, there are no predators to keep them in check. Instead, these vicious insects are free to spread across the country, killing millions of ash trees in their wake. After a forest becomes infested, it is expected to lose all of its trees within ten years. Every one of the 8.1 billion ash trees in North America is at risk of being wiped out by these destructive pests. If control measures aren’t put into place, the ash tree could become extinct in North America in the near future.

 

Control

Unfortunately, control and eradication of the emerald ash borer are not possible. Current programs focus on controlling the movement of the insect to new areas and research into long-term control measures. Currently, the only sure way to control the spread of the insect is to prevent the transport of contaminated firewood and the removal of infected trees.

 

Your Tree Removal Service

Unfortunately, once an ash tree is infested, there is little chance of saving the tree. The best thing you can do is remove the tree and destroy the wood before the insects can spread to other trees. 

At PPM Tree Service & Arbor Care, we specialize in tree removal, pruning, stump grinding, and tree cabling.

Give us a call at (877) 454-8733 or request a quote here. Hear about the latest news and offers from PPM by following us on Twitter and Facebook. Don’t forget to check out the monthly PPM Tree blog for all your tree care tips and tricks

Common Diseases of Oak Trees in Michigan

Oak trees are one of the most majestic trees in Michigan. These sentinel trees can live for centuries, providing shade, clean air, and can even increase the value of your yard. As indestructible as these trees may seem, they can also catch deadly diseases that can bring them down. Here is a list of some common oak tree diseases and one that may be on its way.oak leaves

 

Oak Leaf Blister

Oak leaf blister is a foliar fungal disease caused by the fungus Taphrina caerulescens. It appears as round, bumpy areas up to 2 inches in diameter and covers the upper leaf surface. The fungus is most active in cool, wet springs and can affect almost every oak tree species, but the red oak is particularly vulnerable to this disease. Leaves with too many spots may drop prematurely. 

 

Bur Oak Blight 

Bur oak blight is a slow creeping fungus that affects only the bur oak tree. It remains on leaves that still cling to the trees throughout the winter until the wet, warm weather helps the disease spread to other leaves. Symptoms become apparent in July and August. The infection slowly weakens the tree over the years and makes it susceptible to other tree diseases.

Symptoms of bur oak blight include:

  • Black leaf veins
  • Triangle shaped lesions
  • Leaf drop
  • Leaves remaining on tree over winter

Oak Wilt

Oak wilt is one of the deadliest diseases for red and white oaks in Michigan. It is caused by a fungus imported from Latin America and is carried by beetles that feed on the sap. Like the other oak wiltdeadly tree disease, Dutch elm disease, the fungus disrupts the trees’ vascular system, causing them to wilt and die. A mature oak can succumb to oak wilt in as little as three weeks.

Symptoms include

  • Lead wilt from the crown on down
  • Browning on tips of leaves
  • Rapid defoliation

Anthracnose

Anthracnose is a foliar disease and a very common disease among oaks in Michigan. The fungus causes the browning of leaves from the veins outward. Anthracnose affects oaks in the spring and appears to prefer white oaks and red oaks. Affected leaves will drop off, leaving the tree looking sickly. The tree will use more energy to try and regrow more leaves, but as the infection continues, it takes more and more energy for the tree to keep up. The tree then becomes vulnerable to other diseases. Severely infected trees can be treated with an injection in the fall or sprayed in the spring to help control this disease.

 

Sudden Oak Death

Sudden oak death is caused by a soil-borne fungal disease called Phytophthora ramorum. It can infect over 100 species of plants but is especially deadly in oak trees. Infected oaks can succumb to sudden oak death very quickly. The disease causes bleeding cankers of sap that can attract pests.

Although sudden oak death hasn’t been found in Michigan yet, it can be transported in infected soil and plant materials. Stiff regulations on the transportation of infected wood have prevented the rapid spread of the disease, but if we look at other tree pests and diseases, we will learn that it is not a matter of “if” it comes here, it’s a matter of “when”.

 

Your Trusted Tree Service

When trees die, they can pose serious risks to people and property. Cutting down a tree can also be extremely dangerous with mature trees. That’s why you should always hire the professionals at PPM Tree Service & Arbor Care. We have years of experience pruning, cabling, and removing dangerous trees.

Give us a call at (877) 454-8733 or request a quote here. Hear about the latest news and offers from PPM by following us on Twitter and Facebook. Don’t forget to check out the monthly PPM Tree blog for all your tree care tips and tricks.

The Best Maple Trees for Michigan Yards

Maple trees are among the most common types of native trees found in Michigan and the most common tree to plant in Michigan yards. Maple trees are more than a source of maple syrup. Their lush and thick canopies provide unparalleled levels of shade from the summer heat. Their branches are attractive homes for Robins and other birds. When fall comes, maple trees are the stars of the show. Maple forests make up a large portion of Michigan’s trees. They put on such a spectacle of red, yellow, and orange in the fall they attract visitors from all over the country. If you are considering which type of tree to plant in your yard, maple should be at the top of the list.

 

Where Do Maple Trees Grow?

New homeowners planning their landscaping should consider carefully which types of trees grow well in their area. But if you live in Michigan, maples are everywhere. They are a very versatile tree that grows throughout most of the United States. Because of our cooler, northern climate, Michigan is an ideal habitat for maples trees to grow naturally. These hardy trees are one of the easiest trees to take care of in Michigan, which is why making them a part of your landscape is a must.

 

Silver MapleSilver Maple Tree

Silver maples are a great fast-growing tree for Michigan landscapes. These trees can recover quickly from wind damage and do great in poor soils. They should be planted in an area with plenty of direct sunlight. One silver maple can reach heights of 50 to 70 feet tall and get 30 to 45 feet wide, providing plenty of shade for a deck or patio. Silver maples are identified by their five-pointed leaves and white undersides that seem to shine in the wind.

 

Sugar Maple

The sugar maple is probably the most popular maple tree found throughout Michigan yards. That’s because just one of these impressive giants can make a huge statement in your landscape. Sugar maples are known for their delicious syrup, but these mighty trees can make a huge statement when planted in front or behind your home. These trees can grow to heights of 60 to 75 feet with a 40 to 50-foot spread in less than 20 years. That’s a lot of shade! Like most maples, sugar maples draw the eye all year long, especially in the fall when these mighty trees put on a show like no other.

 

Red MapleRed Maple Tree

Despite its colorful-sounding name, red maples aren’t red year-round like the crimson maple. They have a neat shape and smaller leaves than other maples. They can grow up to 70 feet tall and provide 30 to 50 feet of cooling shade in the summer. In the spring, small pink flowers bloom for a short time attracting pollinators. In the fall, the leaves turn a brilliant shade of red that is sure to light up your landscape.

 

Make PPM Your Trusted Tree Service

If you are looking to improve your landscape with new trees, call the tree care experts at PPM Tree Service and Arbor Care. We can plant your trees for you and make sure they grow straight and healthy. We have years of experience pruning, cabling, and removing dangerous trees.

Give us a call at (877) 454-8733 or request a quote here. Hear about the latest news and offers from PPM by following us on Twitter and Facebook. Don’t forget to check out the monthly PPM Tree blog for all your tree care tips and tricks.

The Best Evergreens To Beautify Your Michigan Landscapes

Trees are a staple to yards in Michigan, and one of the most popular types of trees to plant are evergreens. Why? Because they are so easy to take care of and, most importantly, no leaves to rake up in the fall. Evergreens can provide year-round beauty and privacy as well as attracting wildlife. Here is a list of the best evergreens to beautify your Michigan landscapes

Blue Spruceblue spruce

Blue spruce is native to the Colorado mountains region, but it has become a favorite tree in Michigan over the years. Their thick full form provides an ideal shape that can be used for privacy fences, sound barriers, and windbreakers. They retain their beauty year-round and can make your landscapes pop in the winter. Blue spruce make excellent nesting places for robins, chickadees and other birds. As beautiful as they are, blue spruces are not native to Michigan and are susceptible to certain diseases that have begun to plague spruce trees throughout the state. 

Jack Pine

Jack pine is a valuable timber tree in Michigan and Canada. It ranges from 30-72 feet in height and does not usually grow perfectly straight like it’s cousins. Most importantly, it’s the preferred nesting ground for the endangered Kirtland’s warbler. These birds require trees ranging from five to 20 feet tall and nest in forests larger than 80 acres.

Black Spruce

The black spruce is a small, slow-growing, narrow evergreen tree with a spire-like crown. It’s branches droop downward to sweep the ground, making it an ideal Christmas tree. It is an excellent choice for cold northern climates, and it is tolerant of wet sites. It makes an excellent home for birds such as robins and a warm place to roost for overwintering birds.

Scotch Pinescotch pine

The Scotch Pine or Scots pine is a native to Europe and Asia. It was brought to America at the turn of the last century and was a popular tree for farmers to plant on their property. It has thick, dark grey-brown bark that turns reddish-orange as the tree gets older. Its needles are a greenish-blue and have excellent retention, making them a popular Christmas tree in Michigan. Birds and other wildlife are attracted to the seeds, and it is a favorite nesting spot for owls.

Eastern White Pine

For those of you up on your Michigan facts, the eastern white pine is the state tree of the Wolverine State. These are hardy trees that can grow 50 to 80 feet in height with a spread of 20 to 40 feet across. Its grand appearance may be why Native Americans referred to this tree as the “Tree of Peace.” As it matures, it loses its bottom branches, making it a great shade tree. When they are younger, they make Ideal privacy screens or windbreaks. The eastern white pine prefers moist, well-drained soils. Mature trees are usually 200 to 250 years old, and some can live for over 500 years. This is definitely a tree that you can invest in your property and know that it will be around for generations.

Call The Tree Removal Experts

Trees are great additions to our landscape, but sometimes they can become a problem. Diseased trees can infect and kill neighboring trees, while dead trees pose threats to property and people. When you need to remove a tree call the experts at PPM Tree Service & Arbor Care

Give us a call at (877) 454-8733 or request a quote here. Hear about the latest news and offers from PPM by following us on Twitter and Facebook. Don’t forget to check out the monthly PPM Tree blog for all your tree care tips and tricks.

Tree Scale: What Is It and How Do You Treat It?

As we try to protect our trees from damaging insects, there is one group of insects that usually gets overlooked. Scales or tree scales are tiny insects that feed on the sap of trees and plants. Depending on the species, scales can cause a lot of damage to Michigan trees and fruit trees.

 

As the insects feed, their piercing mouthparts inject a toxin into the plant as it feeds, causing yellowing of tissue, reduced growth, and branch dieback. Soft scale insects secrete a waste called honeydew, which can attract bees, wasps, ants, and flies. Honeydew can also be the host of fungus called black sooty mold, which can make your trees look attractive. Although sooty mold is harmless if there is enough present, it could shade out sunlight and stunt the tree’s growth. 

 

There are two types of scale insects: armored scales and soft scales.

 

Tree scale insects on a branch

Soft Scale Insects

  • Produce honeydew, a sugary liquid waste product
  • Tend to be bigger than their armored counterparts
  • Shaped like rounded bumps
  • Secrete a waxy substance over their bodies for protection

Armored Scale Insects

  • Don’t produce honeydew
  • Smaller, fatter, rounder than soft scale insects
  • Have a hard shell to protect them

Types of Scale Found In MichiganRed apples growing on a tree

Tree scale is a particular problem in Michigan because of our fruit trees. One of those is the nasty San Jose Scale. San Jose Scale feeds on a variety of our beloved fruit trees, including pear, apple, plum, and peaches. Young trees are the most vulnerable and can be killed in just a few years. San Jose scales can also feed on the fruit and leaves of the trees, causing bright red spots and reduced yield.

 

Signs of Tree Scale

Infestations can weaken host trees or even kill the tree if it is bad enough. Damage to an infected tree can include:

  • Yellowing leaves
  • Tiny bumps covering branches (insects)
  • Slower growth
  • Premature leaf drop
  • Branch dieback

Treating Tree Scale

Scales have a unique life cycle that makes them rather hard to control. When temperatures warm up in the spring, overwintering scales emerge from a protective wax covering and mate. Unlike other insects, female scales give birth to live young instead of laying eggs. She can give birth to 150-500 crawlers during the season. Crawlers are so named because they are born with six legs and spend their time crawling around the tree and feeding on the sap. After three weeks, the crawlers molt and lose their legs and antennas to become armored adults.

 

Management of tree scale is tricky and varies from species to species. As we mentioned above, these insects have either a protective wax coating or a hard shell, making controlling these insects difficult. Dormant oils are moderately effective on overwintering soft scale species but need to be applied in early spring before trees come out of dormancy. They are even less effective on armored scale species. Natural enemies, such as birds, wasps, flies, and beetles, feed on adults, as well as crawlers. 

 

The trick to controlling tree scale is to know when they are at their most vulnerable, which is the crawler stage. Properly timed insecticide sprays can help manage tree scale by killing the young crawlers. Unfortunately, the adults are well protected against chemical attacks.

 

Your Trusted Tree Service

Keeping your trees protected from tree scales can keep them strong and healthy, but sometimes infestations are just too much for the tree. When trees die, it is usually from diseases or infestations. The most responsible thing to do in these instances is to remove the tree to prevent it from spreading to others.

 

At PPM Tree Service & Arbor Care, we offer tree trimming, pruning, and removal services.

 

Give us a call at (877) 454-8733 or request a quote here. Hear about the latest news and offers from PPM by following us on Twitter and Facebook. Don’t forget to check out the monthly PPM Tree blog for all your tree care tips and tricks.

Be On The Lookout For These Michigan Tree Diseases

As Michiganders, we take great pride in our trees. It’s no wonder people from other states flock to the mitten in the fall to witness the change of seasons. In our yards, trees are a promontory feature that help make our house feel like a home, which is why you should take tree diseases very seriously. Tree diseases are hard to spot and some can take years to begin to show symptoms but if they aren’t treated in time the entire tree could be lost. Check out this list of common and deadly tree diseases found in Michigan.tree cankers

Tree Cankers

Tree cankers are caused by a fungus that infects wounded or stressed trees. Symptoms include, oozing sap, discoloration, sunken areas. Keep your trees healthy and stress free to reduce the chances of tree cankers. If your trees have cankers, the infected areas should be pruned. Do not prune during wet or humid weather as this can spread the fungus to other branches or trees. Always sterilize your equipment after use.

Oak Wilt

Oak trees are known for their strength and durability but even mighty oaks are vulnerable to tree diseases. Oak wilt is caused by a fungus that hitches a ride on sap feeding beetles. These beetles are attracted to the sweet sap that leaks out of wounds in oak trees which is why it is vital that you prune only when the tree is dormant in early spring or late fall. Oak wilt is a fast moving lethal fungus that can kill a red oak in 4 to 6 weeks and white oaks in 1 to 6 months.Anthracnose on the leaves of a tree

Anthracnose

Anthracnose is one of the most common tree diseases in Michigan and can infect oak, maple, ash, sycamore, and many other species. The fungus creates dead spots on leaves that disrupts the photosynthesis process. This can lead to early defoliation which can stress the tree and make it vulnerable to other diseases. Anthracnose continues to spread each year and can severely damage or stunt the growth of the tree. Signs of anthracnose can be seen In the late fall and early spring as black bumps on leaves. Spores release and are dispersed by wind or rain to other branches and nearby trees.

 

Needle Cast

Another tree disease common in Michigan is the Rhizosphaera Needle Cast. Needle cast is a foliage disease that affects spruce trees. The blue spruce is not native to Michigan which makes it susceptible to diseases outside of their habitat. The most obvious symptom of needle cast is branch dieback. It begins in the inner lower branches and works its way out to the rest of the tree over the course of several years. As the disease progresses, the tree will look thinner and thinner each year until enough needles are lost and the tree eventually succumbs. To identify needle cast, look for lines of small black dots along the surface of the needles. Fungicides may be effective in controlling the disease but the best option is to remove all infected trees before it spreads.

Call The Tree Removal Experts

Trust your trees with PPM Tree Service & Arbor Care. We offer many tree services like planting, trimming, pruning, tree removal, and stump grinding. You can’t go wrong with tree care services from PPM.

 

Give us a call at (877) 454-8733 or request a quote here. Hear about the latest news and offers from PPM by following us on Twitter and Facebook. Don’t forget to check out the monthly PPM Tree blog for all your tree care tips and tricks

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